midichannelaftertouch — Gets a MIDI channel's aftertouch value.


midichannelaftertouch is designed to simplify writing instruments that can be used interchangeably for either score or MIDI input, and to make it easier to adapt instruments originally written for score input to work with MIDI input.

In general, it should be possible to write instrument definitions that work identically with both scores and MIDI, including both MIDI files and real-time MIDI input, without using any conditional statements, and that take full advantage of MIDI voice messages.

Note that correlating Csound instruments with MIDI channel numbers is done using the massign opcode for real-time performance,. For file-driven performance, instrument numbers default to MIDI channel number + 1, but the defaults are overridden by any MIDI program change messages in the file.


midichannelaftertouch xchannelaftertouch [, ilow] [, ihigh]


ilow (optional) -- optional low value after rescaling, defaults to 0.

ihigh (optional) -- optional high value after rescaling, defaults to 127.


xchannelaftertouch -- returns the MIDI channel aftertouch during MIDI activation, remains unchanged otherwise.

If the instrument was activated by MIDI input, the opcode overwrites the value of xchannelaftertouch with the corresponding value from MIDI input. If the instrument was NOT activated by MIDI input, the value of xchannelaftertouch remains unchanged.

This enables score p-fields to receive MIDI input data during MIDI activation, and score values otherwise.

[Note] Adapting a score-activated Csound instrument.

See the MIDI interop opcodes section for details on adapting score driven instruments for MIDI or vice-versa.


Here is an example of the midichannelaftertouch opcode. It uses the file midichannelaftertouch.csd.

Example 422. Example of the midichannelaftertouch opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in   No messages  MIDI in
-odac           -iadc     -d         -M0  ;;;RT audio I/O with MIDI in

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1

kafter	init	0
midichannelaftertouch  kafter
; Display the aftertouch value when it changes and when key is pressed
 printk2 kafter


; Play Instrument #1 for ten seconds.
i 1 0 10


Its output should include lines like:

 i1   127.00000
 i1    20.00000
 i1    44.00000

See Also

midicontrolchange, mididefault, midinoteoff, midinoteoncps, midinoteonkey, midinoteonoct, midinoteonpch, midipitchbend, midipolyaftertouch, midiprogramchange


Author: Michael Gogins

Example written by Kevin Conder.

New in version 4.20