GEN05 — Constructs functions from segments of exponential curves.


Constructs functions from segments of exponential curves.


f # time size 5 a n1 b n2 c ...


size -- number of points in the table. Must be a power of 2 or power-of-2 plus 1 (see f statement).

a, b, c, etc. -- ordinate values, in odd-numbered pfields p5, p7, p9, . . . These must be nonzero and must be alike in sign.

n1, n2, etc. -- length of segment (no. of storage locations), in even-numbered pfields. Cannot be negative, but a zero is meaningful for specifying discontinuous waveforms (e.g. in the example below). The sum n1 + n2 + .... will normally equal size for fully specified functions. If the sum is smaller, the function locations not included will be set to zero; if the sum is greater, only the first size locations will be stored.

[Note] Note

  • If p4 is positive, functions are post-normalized (rescaled to a maximum absolute value of 1 after generation). A negative p4 will cause rescaling to be skipped.

  • Discrete-point linear interpolation implies an increase or decrease along a segment by equal differences between adjacent locations; exponential interpolation implies that the progression is by equal ratio. In both forms the interpolation from a to b is such as to assume that the value b will be attained in the n + 1th location. For discontinuous functions, and for the segment encompassing the end location, this value will not actually be reached, although it may eventually appear as a result of final scaling.


Here is a simple example of the GEN05 routine. It uses the files gen05.csd. It will create a nice percussive amplitude envelope. Here is its diagram:

Diagram of the waveform generated by GEN05.

Diagram of the waveform generated by GEN05.

Example 928. A simple example of the GEN05 routine.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in
-odac           -iadc    ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o gen05.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1
  ; Create an index over the length of our entire note.
  kcps init 1/p3
  kndx phasor kcps

  ; Read Table #1 with our index.
  ifn = 1
  ixmode = 1
  kamp table kndx, ifn, ixmode

  ; Create a sine wave, use the Table #1 values to control
  ; the amplitude. This creates a nice percussive sound.
  a1 oscil kamp*30000, 440, 2
  out a1


; Table #1: a percussive envelope (using GEN05).
f 1 0 64 5 1 2 120 60 1 1 0.001 1
; Table #2, a sine wave.
f 2 0 16384 10 1

; Play Instrument #1 for 2 seconds.
i 1 0 2


See Also

GEN06, GEN07, and GEN08


Example written by Kevin Conder